Investment passport of Starorussky district

The smaller cities of Russia, like Staraya Russa, have recently been discovered to have a great potential, thanks to its long history, rich cultural life, and developed economy and infrastructure.

The name of the city bears in it a deep Russian beginning. The Russia begins with smaller towns like ours. Here, on the banks of Polist’ and Porusya river began the ancient Russian industry – salt making, which once brought more taxes to the 16th century budget than whole Moscow. The lands of Staraya Russa extend up to the legendary Slovenskoye Sea – Lake Ilmen’, an ancient trade route from Varangians to the Greeks.

On the opposite side of the lake stands Veliky Novgorod, tied to Staraya Russa by a road. The two towns are also projected to connect via hovercraft line. Staraya Russa is 300 km south from St. Petersburg, and a railroad also connects us with Pskov and Moscow, which are only few hours away.

The town houses the first Russian health resort – balneal resort “Staraya Russa”, with its unique healing mud and mineral water. The resort is famous for the most powerful in Europe natural mineral water spring – the Muravyevsky fountain. But the lower city also houses two more powerful springs – Tsaritsynsky and Yekaterininsky, which are capable of giving life to a new resort, which would be a great investment due to the rise of wellness industry. This is the key to the future of Staraya Russa and prosperity of investors managing projects in tourism, services and resorts.

The tourism potential of Staraya Russa is beyond doubt. Every summer the city visitors can observe the archaeological sites, set up next to the resort, and experience a tour to the past with the regional history museum based in Monastery of Transfiguration of the Saviour. Staraya Russa is also called the town of Dostoyevsky, where the writer lived for 8 years and wrote the Brothers Karamazov. The heroic deeds of World War II Staraya Russa defenders are witnessed by the museum of North-Western Front. And anyone, who comes in good, can feel the blessing of the wonder-working icon of Our Lady the Starorusskaya which protects the city.

The town outskirts are also very attractive for living, recreation and tourism. The miraculous fishing experience waits, all year round, on the banks of rivers and Ilmen’. Spectacular locations ready for cottage building can be found on the banks of river Redya and Ilmen’ Lake. The district administration is ready to give the land for this purpose.

The town houses effective industrial enterprises. By introducing the high-tech innovations, they attract younger people to stay in town and get education here thanks to wide network of educational institutions’ subdivisions.

Staraya Russa, along with its district, possesses free openings for investment activity, enough qualified labor force and management personnel, i.e. all the requirements for development of industrial production, agricultural production, trade ventures, recreation and tourism. Everyone interested in living and working on the land of Staraya Russa can count on support and cooperation of district administration. Here you can make your own bit of history by playing your role in revival and development of the ancient town.

Andrey Viktorovich Bykov,
Staraya Russa district administration head.


Historical reference

The town of Staraya Russa is situated in the North-West of Russia, in Novgorod region. It is one of the most ancient Russian towns, founded in 1167 on the great water way «from the Varangians to the Greeks», trade way from Rus (Kiev) to Rusa (Staraya) to Novgorod passed through it. It is the only town in Russia, which kept the name of Slavic tribe of Russes in its name.

In millenary history of the town the pages of the history of our state were reflected.

The town once was the first «saltcellar» of Russia, the incomes of which to the state budget were less only than Moscow’s. It is the town of the first Russian spa for the veterans of the war of 1812. It is the town of F. M. Dostoevskiy, where the writer had his own house, the only one in his life, and where he was writing his famous novels including «Karamazov brothers», many scenes and descriptions of places in which were brought with the town atmosphere. 

Staraya Russa is bound up with the history of Russian state. In olden times it was visited by such statesmen as Dmitry Donskoy, Peter the First, and empress Yekaterina II presented the emblem to the town, the basic detail of which is saltern. For a long time the town had war settlements, the stringency of arakcheevskiy regime and beginning cholera epidemic in 1831 provoked so called cholera revolt in Staraya Russa.

1828 is the year of official opening of Starorusskiy spa, where first lower military officials were treated, from 1834 civilians also had their treatment. The spa was often visited by the representatives of «Russian association of national economy protection», professors: D. I. Mendeleev, I. E. Andrievskiy, I. I. Borgman etc. The spa received great dukes Vladimir and Alexey Alexandrovich, the Queen of Greece Olga Konstantinovna, writers and actors, musicians and artists. The masters of dramatic art V. F. Komissarzhevskaya, M. G. Savina, M. F. Andreyeva acted on the scene of Starorussky spa theatre. During sixteen seasons the theatre was managed by K. I. Nezlobin. K. S. Stanislavsky also visited the theatre. A. A. Ahmatova was living in the spa.

Starorus land is also famous for the fact that here in 1873 in Semyonovo farmstead the great Russian composer S.V.Rahmaninov was born. K.M.Fofanov living in Staraya Russa in 1903-1904 wrote a number of lyric verses: «Palm trees», «Christmas night» etc. B. M. Kustodiev lived in the town for some time. Artist V. S. Svarog spent his childhood on Rogachevskaya street, later he managed opera collective of the spa theatre, worked much on sketches and decorations of adapted stages. A. N. Tolstoy was elected the Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from Starorus district in 1937. 

Heavy pages in the town history are connected with the Great Patriotic War. On August 9, 1941 Staraya Russa was occupied by German fascist troops. It was released completely ruined on February 18, 1944. The damage inflicted by the war to the town amounted to 450 million rubles. Many tragic and heroic events of Staraya Russa, names of rebellion heroes are connected with the war period. «Ramushevskiy corridor» and «Demyanskiy trap» went down to the history of the Great Patriotic War as places of fierce fighting against brutalized masses of German troops. It is here when Alexey Maresyev accomplished his feat. The heroic chronicle of the Great Patriotic War includes the names of the Soviet Union heroes which fought on Starorus land: Timur Frunze, Natasha Kovshova and Masha Polivanova, Yakov Ustyuzhanin, Tulegen Tokhtarov, Aidagdy Takhirov. Legendary grocery baggage for blockade Leningrad went down to the history.      

Post-war development of Staraya Russa is connected with the town reconstruction, construction of industrial objects on its territory. The town of Staraya Russa was being reconstructed by the funds of regional and municipal budgets, and also funds from industrial enterprises and organizations.

By Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from February 18, 1984 for courage and firmness shown by the town workfolk during the period of the Great Patriotic War and for success achieved in economic and cultural construction, the town of Staraya Russa was awarded with the medal of the Patriotic war of the First degree.

Staraya Russa as the ancient Russian town is rich with historic heritage and architectural monuments. Excavation produced on the town territory in 1966 shows more ancient origin of the town.

Nowadays historic and cultural potential of the town is represented with 71 monuments: archeological – 1, historic – 13, architectural – 56 and art – 1.

Most cultural buildings of Staraya Russa may be set to the same number with the most ancient monuments of Novgorod, they are not worth than they in singularity of art and volume spacing. The main part of churches (11) are the monuments of republic value, and 2 ones are of local value.

There are 4 museums in Staraya Russa, two of them – local history one and museum of F.M.Dostoevsky are state.

In 2011 the Third All-Russian archeological congress was held in Staraya Russa, which confirmed application of Starorus archeological expedition of commemoration of millenary history of Staraya Russa in 2015.

Geographic characteristic

Staraya Russa is the third town by size in Novgorod region. It was united with Staraya Russa district in September of the year 1988. The territory of the town and the district equals 311 thousand hectares, its constant population was 46.0 thousand people for the 1 of January of the year 2012, of whom urban population — 30.9 thousand people, rural population — 15.1 thousand people. The municipal district is composed of Staraya Russa town and 7 villages. 291 settlements are located on the territory of the district, in 29 of which there is no constant population.

Staraya Russa is a big node of motorways and railroads. Rail tracks connect the town with Moscow (600 km), Saint–Petersburg (300 km), Pskov (212 km). The 2 class railroad station has 8 reception–dispatching tracks, a passenger platform covered with asphalt 470 m long, loading–unloading platform 25 m long, and it has a container yard.

The administrative center of the municipal formation — Staraya Russa town — is 96.4 km away from the regional center — Velikiy Novgorod, and it is connected with it with automobile communication. The total length of the local automobile roads of common use equals 493.25 km, including 232.8 km (47.2%) of roads with hard pavement. An airdrome, which is a part of the economic complex of LLC “123 aircraft overhaul plant”, with hard pavement of the runway.

The potential of resources and raw materials

The land resources of the district equal 311.1 thousand hectares. The land fund is divided into categories the following way: agricultural lands — 85.3 thousand hectares (27.4%); non– agricultural lands — 209.8 thousand hectares (67.4%), of them forest areas — 184.5 thousand hectares (88%) and swamps — 19.5 thousand hectares (9.3%); reserve lands — 5.2 (1.7%); other — 10.8 thousand hectares (3.5%). Lands of farm businesses, organizations and citizens form the agricultural lands. It is connected with conducting of the land reform and, in particular, with the transfer of them for management to rural authorities and creation of a fund for reapportionment of lands.

The lands of the forest fund occupy the biggest area, forests and shrubs prevail (about 60%). It is connected with the transfer of agricultural lands grown over with shrubs and small woods into this registration category. The lands of the state reserve and the reapportionment fund. Land is allotted to citizens for various needs at the expense of these areas.

The system of state registration of rights to land and other real estate and of transactions with it has been created and it works. The state cadastre of real estate, which unites data about land and other real property, has been created.

There are deposits of non–metallic minerals on the territory of Staraya Russa municipal district. Deposits of clay rocks have been prospected, prospecting–evaluation works for determination of the borders of spreading and the thicknesses of lodes of high–melting clays suitable for a broad variety of pottery goods are necessary. There are deposits of carbonaceous rocks and peat deposits, which have prospects for excavation, too. However the degree of use of the prospected reserves of raw mineral materials is low. In fact the whole territory of Staraya Russa district has prospects for finding mineralized and mineral waters.

Staraya Russa town is famous for its resort. The Staraya Russa resort, founded in the year 1828, is called a Northern health center. 2 types of waters are used at the resort: highly–mineralized bromide–chloride (which are used for baths and mud formation, calcic–natrium and low–medium–mineralized chloride natrium–calcium–magnesium and calcium–magnesium–natrium healing potable waters. They are exploited in the spouting mode. Lakes with curative silt muds, which contain sulphurated hydrogen, iron and mineral salts, are not far from the mineral springs. The explored reserves of mineral waters equal 22.8 thousand m3/day, the reserves of curative muds — 26.2 thousand m3. During the last years the resort has been advancing more and more successfully on the market of sanatorium–resort services.

Social description

As of January 1, 2012 the town and district comprises 47 educational institutions, including 10 kindergartens, 23 regular schools, 1 gymnasium, 1 special (correction) school, 3 centers of additional education for children, art school, center of psychological, medical and social support, 1 institution of initial professional education, 2 specialized secondary educational establishments, 3 branches of higher educational establishments. In the institutions of initial and secondary professional education: SI of IPE «Agricultural lyceum № 25», social college of production technologies and service, polytechnic college (branch) of Novgorod State University give opportunity to get professional education on such specializations as pastry-cook, seamstress, shoe manufacturer, electrician, motor mechanic, joiner, universal turner, electric and gas welder, trader, agricultural production master, tractor driver etc. Starorus polytechnic college (Novgorod State University branch) makes specialists in such specializations as law, teaching in initial school, economics and accounting in different spheres, software of computation and automated systems, engineering technology, nursing care. Besides, according to the applications from employers educational institutions can form groups in making specialists of necessary professions.

In the town and district there are good conditions for going in for physical training and sports. There are sports and recreation center with universal game hall (constructed in 2012), 2 stadiums, sport school for children and young people, 60 sport playgrounds.

Starorus district has developed network of stationary and dispensary medical institutions: central district hospital (interdistrict center), emergency ward, 3 dental clinics, psychoneurologic dispensary, territorial subdivision of territorial department of Rospotrebnadzor on Novgorod region in Starorus district, interdistrict TB dispensary.

In rural settlements population uses services of 30 feldsher-midwife stations and 4 subdivisions of general doctor (family) practice, including day stationary in therapy. Social services are rendered by 2 stationery institutions of social services for elderly people and invalids for 70 places and Center of social servicing for elderly people and invalids, 9 subdivisions of social home servicing for elderly people and invalids, there is state institution of social servicing «Social refuge for children «Radost’» for 15 places, state institution of social servicing «Center of social support for family and children».

In the town and district there are following cultural institutions: 3 town recreation centers, Cinema center, 28 branches of rural recreation centers and clubs, intersettlement central library, including 31 branches, children art school and its rural branch in Novoselsky village, Center of art people crafts, 3 museums, scientific and cultural center of F. M. Dostoevskiy.

For receiving and servicing national and foreign guests of the district in Staraya Russa there is hotel «Polist»*** for 168 places (108 rooms). The hotel has a restaurant for 100 places, banquette hall for 20 places, lobby-bar, café, negotiation room for 15 people, and also there is a net of micro-hotels.

Economic and investment potential

Economic potential

On the territory of the district as of January 1, 2012 705 economic entities (not including individual entrepreneurs) are registered.

Industry is represented with 10 large and medium enterprises of different forms of ownership, including:

  • 2 municipal unitary enterprises,
  • 4 limited liability companies, including one enterprise with foreign investments;
  • 1 branch of joint-stock company, the principal enterprise of which is in Saint Petersburg;
  • 3 joint-stock companies.

About 30 % of average number of listed employees in large and medium organizations of the district is employed at industrial enterprises.

Agricultural production in the district is realized by 12 collective farms, and also 25 farms, including 16 fisher farms. The basic types of agricultural production: in animal breeding is milk and meat production; in plant cultivation is feed production.

In construction and road system there are 35 organizations of different forms of ownership.
Passenger transportation is realized on 14 town and 31 rural routs, and also on 9 inter-municipal routs.
Staraya Russa has all modern types of communication. There is automatic trunk-call and international telephone communication, telegraph, fax, data transfer network ROSPAK, e-mail. There is a sustainable and high speed type of access to information and telecommunication network Internet on dedicated line from Novgorod Internet provider «Novline». Mobile communication on the territory of the town and district is realized by the network «MegaFon North-West», «MTS», «BeeLine», «Tele-2».   

Trade consists of the network of enterprises in the form of limited liability companies and individual entrepreneurs. NOPS «Starorus RPO» brunch is the largest trade and production enterprise having its own production base. RPO network includes 85 trade enterprises.

As of January 1, 2012 in the town and district there are 554 enterprises of trade and catering, including 2 trade centers, 12 wholesale and small wholesale bases, 3 markets and 142 enterprises of public services.

Spa «Staraya Russa» is situated in south-eastern part of the town, founded in 1828. For treatment mineral waters and therapeutic muds, specific micro-climate of the park with zones of heightened air ionization created with mineral lakes and mineral fountain are used. The spa with its natural treatment factor is balneo-mud and destined for treatment of patients with diseases of digestive apparatus, locomotor system, nervous system, women diseases. Starorus mineral waters and therapeutic muds on their qualities and effectiveness are included in the number of the best mineral waters and therapeutic muds  in Russia and Europe.

Investment potential

On the basis of available resources and competitive advantages balanced investment police directed to constructing the whole complex of conditions determining favorable climate for attracting investments is formed in the district. Administrative resource in the district is aimed at servicing entrepreneurs, supporting investment projects by regional and municipal administrations for their quicker realization and rendering support in solving different problems, at creating comfortable conditions of realization of investment projects.

The factors of investment attractiveness of municipal district:

  • attractive geographic location;
  • favorable investment environment, including:
    • preferential investment legislation;
    • small and medium business support;
    • absence of administrative barriers;
  • developed transport network;
  • branchy telecommunication system.

Priority spheres of attracting investments in municipal district economy:

  • resort and tourist industry development;
  • agroindustrial complex development;
  • construction of vertically integrated structures in forest industry complex (FIC);
  • small and medium business development;
  • residential construction, production of construction materials;
  • development of telecommunication systems.

Nowadays there is a rather modern system of business cooperation of administration and entrepreneurs of small and medium business in the district.

Municipal authorities within the limits of their powers create stimulating conditions for small business development.


Electricity supply

Energetic system of Starorus region includes network companies:

  • branch of OJSC "MRSK of North-West" "Novgorodenergo";
  • branch of OJSC "Novgorodoblcommunenergo";

generating companies:

  • GT CHPP "123 aircraft repair plant" (further GT CHPP "123 ARP").

Electrical power networks in Starorus district are represented with:

  • PS 330/110/10 kW Starorusskaya;
  • PS 110/35/10 kW Russa;
  • PS 110/35/10 kW Shymsk;
  • GT CHPP "123 ARP".

Water supply and drainage

Water supply system in Starorus district is represented with the presence of water-well holes (15 items of which realize water supply for the town of Staraya Russa) including:

  • water draw-off in Dubovitsi village – 8 items;
  • water draw-off in Kreksha village – 2 items;
  • water draw-off in Mirogoscha village – 5 items.

Drinking water supply of Staraya Russa and adjacent rural settlements is realized from underground reservoir (there are 15 water-well holes).

Drainage system is represented with networks of gravity and forcemain sewers, sewer stations (12 items), biological treatment plants (BTP-1 item) and elimination of raw waste waters (1 item).

Gas supply

Gas supply system of Starorus district is represented with gas distribution station in Mednikovo village (GDS-Staraya Russa), pipe line of medium pressure, gas distribution networks of medium and low pressure.

Contacts of the persons, who are responsible for the investment activity

Deputy Chief of municipal district administration
Igor Alekseyevich Ananyev
Phone: +7 (81652) 5-10-10.

Economic committee chairman
Lyubov Anatolyevna Tikhonova
Phone: +7 (81652) 5-12-75.

Principal specialist of entrepreneurship development department of economic committee
Mariya Yuryevna Vasilyeva
Phone: +7 (81652) 5-14-61
Fax: +7 (81652) 5-29-72

Map of municipal districts

Reception desk: room 438.
Fax: +7 (8162) 773-878.
Phones: +7 (8162) 731-990; 736-354.
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